Greetings and Basic Addressing
Hello - Dobry den [dohbree dehn]
Note: This literally means good day, and you can use it at any point during your trip as a formal greeting.
Hi! - Ahoj [ahoy]
Note: This is more of a casual "hey"
Sorry - Pardon [Pardohn]
I am - Ja jsem [yah ysehm]
Note: a simpler version of "my name is"
Nice to meet you - Rad jsem vas poznal [rahd ysehm vahs pohznahl]
Goodbye - Na slhedanou [Nah skhle-da-noh-oo]
General Phrases, when asking/looking for...
Can you help me? - Muzete mi pomoci? [moo-zheteh mee poh-mohtsee]
Where is it? - Kde je to? [kdeh yeh toh]
Can you show me on a map? - Muzete mi ukazat na mape? [moo-zheh-tehh mee ookah-zaht na mahpe]
Thank you - Diky [deekee]
Yes - Ano [Anoh] Note: the informal "yeah" in czech, is "yoh", and can be used as well
No - Ne [Neh]
Please - Prosim [proh-seem]
Guided tour - Prohlidka s pruvdocem [proh-hleedkah s proo-voh-dtsehm]
Washroom - Umyvarna [oomi-varnah]
When looking for accommodations...
Hotel - Hotel
Hostel - Ubytovna [oobee-tovnah]
Inn - Hostinec s ubytovanim [ hos-tee-nets s oobee-tovahnee-yem]
Pricelist - cenik [tsenik]
Do you have any vacancies? - Mate volne pokoje? [ mah-teh voh-lneh poh-koh-yeh]
Can I smoke here? - Muzu tady kourit? [moozhoo tahdee kowrzit]
Can we do our laundry here? - Muzeme si tady vyprat? [moozhehmeh see tah-dee vee-praht]
Kitchen - Kuchyne [koo-hee-nye]
One - jeden, jedna [yeden, yednah] Note: this word varies, depending on whether the subject is masculine or feminine
Two - dva, dve [dvah, dveh] Note: this word varies, depending on whether the subject is masculine or feminine
Three - tri [trzee]
Four - ctyri [ch-tee-rzi]
Five - pet [pyet]
Six - sest [ sheh-st]
Seven - sedm [ sehdm]
Eight - osm [ oh-sehm]
Nine - devet [deh-veht]
Ten - deset [ deh-seht]
One Hundred - sto [stoh]
One Thousand - tisic [ tyee-seets]
Eating and drinking...
The general policy in Prague is to seat yourself when you enter a restaurant. However, in most swanky places you will be seated. Keep in mind, that smoking indoors is not yet prohibited in most public spaces so be sure to ask if there is a smoking/non-smoking section if it bothers you.
Menu, please - Jidelni listek, prosim [yeehdelnyee leestehk prohseem]
Water - Voda [vodah]
Coffee - Kava [kavah]
Beer - Pivo [pee-voh]
Wine - Vino
What is your specialty? - Mate nejake specialty? [mah-teh nyeh-yah-keh specialty?]
Keep the change - Zbytek si nechte [zbeetehk see nehkteh]
Cash - Hotove [kho-toh-veh]
Card - Kartu [kartooh]
Bill, please - Zaplatim! [zah-plah-teem]
How much is it? - Kolik to dela [koh-leek toh dyelah]
Last, but certainly not least, you'll need to know these words because none of the signs in the Czech Republic are in English. So if you're looking for a Castle, or a garden, or a square, this list will definitely come in handy when you're looking at directions in the streets.
Museum - Muzeum
Gallery - Galerie
Tower - Vez
Church - Kostel
Concert Hall- Koncertni sal
Castle - Hrad
Garden - Zahrada
If you ever need to ask a local for something or want to travel prepared, this basic Czech language survival guide will surely see you through! Are there any words/phrases we missed?